Your reference in natural, ecological and organic cosmetics
 
 
 

Glossary

 
A
Agro-ingredient Any plant, animal or microbial product derived from agriculture, aquaculture or wild collection/harvest. (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
B
Biodegradable Biodegradable waste is a type of waste that can be degraded by living organisms into substances that are not harmful for the environment.
C
Catalyst A substance used to modify or increase the rate of a reaction without being consumed in the process. (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Certified Product whose compliance with a given standard has been validated by an independent certification body.
Chemically processed Processed or extracted using chemical processes such as those listed in Appendix II (which are allowed) and Appendix III (which are not allowed). (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Colorants Substances which are exclusively or mainly intended to colour the cosmetic product, the body as a whole or certain parts thereof, by absorption or reflection of visible light; in addition, precursors of oxidative hair colorants shall be deemed colorants. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Contaminant A substance that is:
  • - not naturally present in the material, or
  • - present in quantities greater than those that exist naturally which could lead to pollution (persistence, residues) and toxicity risks.

Contaminants may be:
  • - heavy metals
  • - aromatic hydrocarbons
  • - pesticides
  • - dioxins & PCBs
  • - radioactivity
  • - GMOs
  • - mycotoxins
  • - medicinal residues
  • - nitrates
  • - nitrosamines.
(Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Control authority A public administrative organisation of a Member State to which the competent authority has conferred, in whole or in part, its competence for the inspection and certification in the field of organic production in accordance with the provisions set out under this Regulation; it shall also include, where appropriate, the corresponding authority of a third country or the corresponding authority operating in a third country. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Control body An independent private third party carrying out inspection and certification in the field of organic production in accordance with the provisions set out under this Regulation; it shall also include, where appropriate, the corresponding body of a third country or the corresponding body operating in a third country. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Conversion The transition from non organic to organic farming within a given period of time, during which the provisions concerning the organic production have been applied. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Cosmetic ingredient Any chemical substance or preparation of synthetic or natural origin used in the composition of cosmetic products. The following shall not be regarded as ingredients:
  • - impurities in the raw materials used,
  • - subsidiary technical materials used in the preparation but not present in the final product.
(Taken from European Parliament legislative resolution of 24 March 2009)
Cosmetic product Any substance or mixture intended to be placed in contact with the external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, lips and external genital organs) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odours. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
D
Derivative of GMO Any substance which is produced from or by a GMO where the GMO is the source organism of the substance or is involved directly in the last process that accomplishes an essential conversion of the substance. (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Distributor Any natural or legal person in the supply chain, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who makes a cosmetic product available on the Community market. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
E
End user Either a consumer or professional using the cosmetic product. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
F
Fair trade Aims to help small producers in developing countries by promoting better trading conditions and sustainability.
Frame formulation A formulation which lists the category or function of ingredients and their maximum concentration in the cosmetic product or gives relevant quantitativeand qualitative information whenever a cosmetic product isnot covered or only partially covered by such a formulation.The Commission shall provide indications for the establishment of the frame formulation and adapt them regularly totechnical and scientific progress. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
G
Genetically modified organism (GMO) Means an organism, with the exception of human beings, in which the genetic material has been altered in a way that does not occur naturally by mating and/or natural recombination. (Taken from Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 March 2001 on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms)
I
Importer Any natural or legal person established within the Community, who places a cosmetic product from a third country on the Community market. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
L
Labelling Any terms, words, particulars, trade marks, brand name, pictorial matter or symbol relating to and placed on any packaging, document, notice, label, board, ring or collar accompanying or referring to a product. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Livestock production The production of domestic or domesticated terrestrial animals (including insects) (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
M
Making available on the market Any supply of a cosmetic product for distribution, consumption or use on the Community market in the course of a commercial activity, whether in return for payment or free of charge. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Manufacturer Any natural or legal person who manufactures a cosmetic product or has such a product designed or manufactured, and markets that cosmetic product under his name or trademark. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Manufacturing Group of operations carried out in the factory or the laboratory, for obtaining, preparing, processing and labelling products. (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Mineral Raw material obtained from naturally occurring substances formed through geological processes, but excluding fossil fuel-derived materials. (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Mixture A mixture or solution composed of two or more substances. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
N
Nanomaterial An insoluble or biopersistant and intentionally manufactured material with one or more external dimensions, or an internal structure, on the scale from 1 to 100 nm. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Natural Natural ingredients are obtained from plants, minerals, sea flora or animals. These ingredients may be used as raw material or may be transformed by physical processes authorized by a standard. (water, mineral salts, clay, seaweed, plant extracts, honey...).
Natural substances Any substance obtained from plants, animals and minerals, or a mixture of these substances.
Naturally derived Naturally derived ingredients are obtained from plants, minerals, sea flora or animals and are transformed by physical processes authorized by a standard. (clay, seaweed, plant extracts, honey...).
O
Operator The natural or legal persons responsible for ensuring that the requirements of this Regulation are met within the organic business under their control. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Organic Coming from or related to organic production. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Organic Farming Is a form of agriculture that helps preserve the environment and does not use chemical pesticides and fertilizers
Organic production The use of the production method compliant with the rules established in this Regulation, at all stages of production, preparation and distribution. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
P
Physically processed Processed or extracted using physical processes such as those listed in Appendix I (which are allowed). (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Placing on the market The first making available of a cosmetic product on the Community market. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Plant production Production of agricultural crop products including harvesting of wild plant products for commercial purposes. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Preparation The operations of preserving and/or processing of organic products, including slaughter and cutting for livestock products, and also packaging, labelling and/or alterations made to the labelling concerning the organic production method. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Preservatives Substances which are exclusively or mainly intended to inhibit the development of micro-organisms in the cosmetic product. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Primary raw material Any product of plant, animal, or microbial origin, as well as minerals, which is used as raw material in the manufacture of cosmetic ingredients. (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
Produced by GMOs Derived by using a GMO as the last living organism in the production process, but not containing or consisting of GMOs nor produced from GMOs. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
Produced from GMOs Derived in whole or in part from GMOs but not containing or consisting of GMOs. (Taken from Council Regulation (EC) No 834/2007 of 28 June 2007 on organic production and labelling of organic products)
R
Recall Any measure aimed at achieving the return of acosmetic product that has already been made available to the end user. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Rinse-off product A cosmetic product which is intended to be removed after application on the skin, the hair or the mucous membranes. (Taken from European Parliament legislative resolution of 24 March 2009)
S
Serious undesirable effect An undesirable effect whichresults in temporary or permanent functional incapacity, disability, hospitalisation, congenital anomalies or an immediate vital risk or death. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Substance A chemical element and its compounds in the natural state or obtained by any manufacturing process, including any additive necessary to preserve its stability and any impurity deriving from the process used but excluding any solvent which may be separated without affecting the stability of the substance or changing its composition. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
Sustainable Development Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. (Taken from The Report of the Brundtland Commission)
Synthetic Ingredient obtained through a chemical process. A number of synthetic ingredients may be included in very small amounts in ‘Organic' products. These ingredients must figure on the positive list of authorized synthetic ingredients which excludes synthetic colourants, synthetic perfumes and petrochemical ingredients.
T
Total product The total finished cosmetic product including all ingredients (water, mineral ingredients, physically processed agro-ingredients, chemically processed agro-ingredients and other ingredients). (Taken from cosmetics organic and natural standard)
U
Undesirable effect An adverse reaction for humanhealth attributable to the normal or reasonably foreseeableuse of a cosmetic product. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
UV-filters Substances which are exclusively or mainly intended to protect the skin against certain UV radiation by absorbing, reflecting or scattering UV radiation. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)
V
Vegetal Vegetal/Plant-based ingredients are obtained from plants and flowers (vegetable oil, essential oil, floral water, vegetable wax and butter…).
W
Withdrawal Means any measure aimed at preventing the making available on the market of a cosmetic product in the supply chain. (Taken from Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products)